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Ukraine

Ukraine (i/juːˈkreɪn/ yew-KRAYN; Ukrainian: Україна, transliterated: Ukrayina, [ukrɑˈjinɑ]) is a country in Eastern Europe. Ukraine borders the Russian Federation to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. It has an area of 603,628 km², making it the second largest contiguous country on the European continent, after the Russian Federation.

According to a popular and well established theory, the medieval state of Kievan Rus was established by the Varangians in the 9th century as the first historically recorded East Slavic state which emerged as a powerful nation in the Middle Ages until it disintegrated in the 12th century. By the middle of the 14th century, Ukrainian territories were under the rule of three external powers—the Golden Horde, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Kingdom of Poland. After the Great Northern War (1700–1721) Ukraine was divided between a number of regional powers and, by the 19th century, the largest part of Ukraine was integrated into the Russian Empire with the rest under Austro-Hungarian control. A chaotic period of incessant warfare ensued, with several internationally recognized attempts at independence from 1917 to 1921, following World War I and the Russian Civil War. Ukraine emerged from its own civil war, and on December 30, 1922 Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic became one of the founding republics of the Soviet Union. The Ukrainian SSR's territory was enlarged westward during the civil war shortly before, and after World War II, and further south in 1954 with the Crimea transfer. In 1945, the Ukrainian SSR became one of the founding members of the United Nations.

Ukraine became independent again when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. This dissolution started a period of transition to a market economy, in which Ukraine was stricken with an eight-year recession. Since then, however, the economy has experienced a high increase in GDP growth. Ukraine was caught up in the worldwide economic crisis in 2008 and the economy plunged. GDP fell 20% from spring 2008 to spring 2009, then leveled off as analysts compared the magnitude of the downturn to the worst years of economic depression during the early 1990s. However, the country remains a globally important market and supplier, particularly, the world's third biggest grain exporter (as of 2011).

Ukraine is a unitary state composed of 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous republic (Crimea), and two cities with special status: Kiev, its capital and largest city, and Sevastopol, which houses the Russian Black Sea Fleet under a leasing agreement. Ukraine is a republic under a semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ukraine continues to maintain the second largest military in Europe, after that of Russia. The country is home to 46 million people, 77.8 percent of whom are ethnic Ukrainians, with sizable minorities of Russians (17%), Belarusians and Romanians. Ukrainian is the official language of Ukraine. Russian is also widely spoken. The dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity, which has heavily influenced Ukrainian architecture, literature and music.


From Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
Popular Sites by Yahoo
Aerosvit
Ukrainian airline.
www.aerosvit.com
  • Russia Ukraine Travel
    Provides travel information and services in cities throughout Russia, Ukraine, and the former U.S.S.R.
    www.russia-ukraine-travel.com
  • InterDating
    Provides dating services in Kiev, Ukraine. Features single Ukrainian women looking for romance and marriage.
    www.interdating.ua
  • Solo East Travel
    Provides travel assistance and services for business and independent travelers in Ukraine, Poland, Russia, Byelorussia, and Moldavia.
    www.tourkiev.com
  • Konnov & Sozanovsky
    General practice law firm focusing on corporate, business and anti-trust law and litigation, copyright and trademark protection.
    www.konnov.com
  • Flowers to Ukraine and Moldova
    Provides flower and gift basket delivery in Ukraine includes picture and video of delivery.
    www.flowerstoukraine.com
  • INEKO
    Provider of acquisition services, stock brokerage, and fund management in Ukraine.
    www.imepower.com
  • Banga
    Spare parts for KrAZ, MAZ, GAZ, and KAMAZ trucks and automobiles. In English and Russian.
    www.autokraz.ru
  • Obolon
    Producer of beer, low-alcohol beverages, soft drinks, and mineral water. Also in Ukrainian.
    www.obolon.kiev.ua
  • Lybid-Kiyv Tourist Agency
    Travel arrangements for visitors to the Ukraine.
    www.lybid-kiev.com.ua
  • UkraineFare
    Travel agent offering lodging, domestic Ukrainian flights, airport transfers, transportation services, interpreter services, and sightseeing in Ukraine.
    www.ukrainefare.com
  • Ukraine Art Sales
    Virtual gallery displaying Soviet Realist painting by artists of the Ukraine SSR from 1950-1989.
    www.ukraineart.com
  • Property.com.ua
    Lists commercial and residential property for sale and rent in West Ukraine and Lviv.
    www.property.com.ua
  • Unipress BTD
    Offers tours and travel arrangements for the Ukraine.
    www.odessa-ua.com
  • Flowers.ua
    Delivers flowers and flower baskets to Ukraine.
    flowers.ua/en
  • BS Computer Systems
    Offers hardware, software, peripherals, computer related services.
    www.bs.lviv.ua
  • Advanced Network Technologies Ltd. (ANTEC)
    Offshore software development company based in the Ukraine and offering services worldwide.
    www.antecltd.kiev.ua
  • Hotels in Russia
    Offers assistance for travelers planning a visit to Russia.
    www.HotelsInRussia.com
  • Ukraine Online Art
    Contains gallery of Ukrainian artists' works.
    art.online.com.ua
  • Popular Business Sites by Yahoo
    Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine
    www.kmu.gov.ua
  • Parliament of Ukraine
    Official site includes information about MPs, vote results, and laws of the Ukraine. In Ukrainian.
    www.rada.gov.ua
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    www.mfa.gov.ua
  • Eastside Boxing
    Read East Side Boxing for extensive boxing coverage including latest news, interviews, rankings, schedules, and results.
    www.eastsideboxing.com
  • Ministry of Justice
    In Ukranian and English.
    www.minjust.gov.ua
  • Taras Shevchenko University of Kiev
    www.univ.kiev.ua
  • Brama - Gateway Ukraine
    Comprehensive site that includes a profile of the government and a section on Ukrainian history.
    www.brama.com
  • Central Election Commission of Ukraine
    In Ukranian and English.
    www.cvk.gov.ua
  • Ministry of Emergencies and Affairs of Population Protection from the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe
    www.mns.gov.ua
  • Supreme Court of Ukraine
    Official site for the court. In Russian.
    www.scourt.gov.ua
  • Kharkov State University
    www.univer.kharkov.ua
  • Ivan Franko Lviv State University
    The best university from Lviv
    www.franko.lviv.ua
  • Welcome to Ukraine
    Presents facts about Ukraine's geography, history, climate, and culture, including maps and an art gallery.
    www.ukraine.org
  • Germany: Embassy of Ukraine in Berlin
    www.botschaft-ukraine.de
  • Tymoshenko, Yulia - Prime Minister
    Offical page for the Ukrainian Prime Minister. In Ukrainian and English.
    www.tymoshenko.com.ua
  • InfoUkes
    Provides news and information on the Ukraine, and Ukrainians in Canada and worldwide. Features culture, business, genealogy, history, technology, map server, forums, and more.
    www.infoukes.com
  • Ukraine Україна
    Flag Coat of arms
    Anthem: 


    Ще не вмерла України  (Ukrainian)
    Shche ne vmerla Ukrayiny  (transliteration)
    Ukraine's glory has not perished
    Location of  Ukraine  (green)in Europe  (dark grey)  —  [Legend] Location of  Ukraine  (green)

    in Europe  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

    Capital
    (and largest city)
    Kiev
    50°27′N 30°30′E / 50.45°N 30.5°E / 50.45; 30.5
    Official language(s) Ukrainian
    Ethnic groups (2001) 77.8% Ukrainians,
    17.3% Russians,
    4.9% others and unspecified
    Demonym Ukrainian
    Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
     -  President Viktor Yanukovych
     -  Prime Minister Mykola Azarov
     -  Speaker of Parliament Volodymyr Lytvyn
    Legislature Verkhovna Rada
    Formation
     -  Kievan Rus' 882 
     -  Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia 1199 
     -  Cossack Hetmanate 1649 
     -  Ukrainian National Republic November 7, 1917 
     -  West Ukrainian National Republic November 1, 1918 
     -  Ukrainian SSR December 30, 1922 
     -  Second Declaration of Independence June 30, 1941 
     -  Independence from the Soviet Union August 24, 19911 
    Area
     -  Total 603,628 km2 (46th)
    233,090 sq mi 
     -  Water (%) 7%
    Population
     -  2010 estimate 45,888,000 (28th)
     -  2001 census 48,457,102 
     -  Density 77/km2 (115th)
    199/sq mi
    GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
     -  Total $329.497 billion 
     -  Per capita $7,233 
    GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
     -  Total $164.960 billion 
     -  Per capita $3,621 
    Gini (2008) 27.5 (medium) 
    HDI (2011) increase 0.729 (high) (76th)
    Currency Hryvnia (UAH)
    Time zone Eastern European Time (UTC+2)
     -  Summer (DST) Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)
    Drives on the right
    ISO 3166 code UA
    Internet TLD .ua, .укр
    Calling code 380
    1 An independence referendum was held on December 1, after which Ukrainian independence was finalized on December 26. The current constitution was adopted on June 28, 1996.
    Popular Sites by Alexa
    1Google.com.ua
    2Google
    3В Контакте
    4YouTube
    5Яндекс Україна
    6Портал Mail.Ru
    7Facebook
    8Яндекс
    9Одноклассники.ru
    10Wikipedia
    11Google
    12Веб-сервис uCoz
    13ex.ua
    14LiveInternet.ru
    15ПриватБанк
    16LiveJournal.com
    17Blogspot.com
    18Twitter
    19UkrNet ISP
    20I.ua
    21zeekrewards.com
    22rutracker.org
    23Корреспондент.net
    24 озетка
    25slando.ua
    more>>
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